The Event of Karbalaa - Part-1-

Introduction-Part 1

Martyrdom is a great reward from Allaah Kareem, for which great personalities entertain a desire to attain.  
Hazrat Imaam Hasan and Hazrat  Imaam Husaien  
[Radiyal Laahu Anhuma] 
received this perfect martyrdom from the court of the
 Holy Prophet Muhammad
[Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam]. 
The personalities of Hazrat Imaam Hasan and Hazrat Imaam Husaien [Radiyal Laahu Anhuma] are the ‘Location of the manifestation of the perfection of the Chosen One’ 
[Mazhar e Kamaal e Mustafaa]. 
Also just as the personalities of the eloved grandchildren
 are the ‘Location of the manifestation of the perfection of the Chosen One’ [Mazhar e Kamaal e Mustafaa] it is also the ‘Location of the Beauty of the Chosen One’
 [Mazhar e Jamaal e Mustafaa].

Hazrat Imaam Hasan 
[Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
 received the greatness of ‘The Secret Martyrdom’ 
[Shahaadat e Sirri] 
Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
 received the greatness of ‘The Open Martyrdom’ 
[Shahaadat e Jahri]. 
This in reality was the greatness and emanation [Al-faayz] of the Holy Prophet Muhammad
 [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam].

Yazeed in Temporal Power but Husaien in Spiritual control…

Allaah [Almighty and Glorious is He] says in the 2nd 
Soorah, al-Baqara,

Verse 154 of the Holy Qur'aan:

And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allaah: 
"They are dead." Nay, they are living, though you do not perceive [their life].

Many were martyred in the Community of the
 Holy Prophet Muhammad
 [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam], 
Allaah Almighty
blessed and rewarded many with this great status. Hazrat 'Umar Farooq, Hazrat 'Usmaan Ghani and Hazrat 'Alee 

 received this reward. In the Battles of Badr, Uhad and Khyber many Companions of the Holy Prophet
 [Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam]
 were blessed with this great status of being martyred.
[Radiyal Laahu Anhuma]

However the Martyrdom of Hazrat
 Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
Iraq Karbalaa

 is so unique that neither in previous times nor in the latter times can we find another martyrdom to compare with it. When Yazeed sat on the seat of Caliphate [Khilaafat] he became so haughty and arrogant that he acted in ways that are against the ‘Sacred Laws of Islaam [Shariah]. It happens that the reigns of power, the intoxication of control seize a man that he acts unjustly. You may have heard many a time that initially Pharaoh was a poor man but when he assumed power and became rich and powerful; as soon as he sat on the throne he claimed he was god. He said,

Ana rabukumul aala

I am your lord most high

He asked people to worship and revere him. Those who refused to worship and revere him would be put to death. He killed thousands who refused to worship him. Yazeed also became drunk with power. When his father was alive he hid and performed acts of sin and transgression, but now that he was in power and no one could stop or question him, he openly performed acts of sin and transgression.

Forcing Allegiance from the Pious…

He knew that due to his immoral behavior the great personalities in the Islamic Community would never give their allegiance to him and their refusal to pledge allegiance would become a reason for others refusing to do so. He therefore sought to force the pledge of allegiance from the pious and influential and threatened them with death if they refused. In this way he hoped to deal with any threat to his Caliphate and rule. Thus he sought allegiance from Hazrat Imaam Husaien, Hazrat Abdul laah bin Zubayr, and Hazrat Abdul laah bin 'Umar. 
[Radiyal Laahu Anhuma]

These were the most pious and influential personalities of the time. They were pious and influential and were the offspring of pious and influential parents. There was no way in which they would swear allegiance to such a sinner and transgressor like Yazeed. They refused to swear allegiance to him. Hazrat Abdul laah bin 'Umar left Madinah, the Illuminated without meeting Hazrat Abdul laah bin Zubayr and went to live in Makaah..

Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu]went to meet, Waleed, the governor of Madinah. He spoke to the governor who informed him that Yazeed has requested that Hazrat Imaam Husaien [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] swear allegiance to him.  
Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
 replied that he could not swear allegiance to Yazeed since he was a sinful transgressor who was not worthy of being accepted as the Caliph. [Khaleefah] This was a proof of the resolve of  
Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
If he had sworn allegiance at that stage his life would be saved, his family would be safe, and he would have been short of no material comforts but the organizational system of Islaam would have been disrupted and a precedent would have been set that till the day of judgment it would have become lawful to pledge allegiance to every sinful transgressor who assumes leadership.

Hazrat Imaam Husaien’s 
allegiance would have become the proof of the legality of swearing allegiance to every sinful transgressor who assumes leadership. 
Hazrrat Imaam Husaien’s 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
 refusal sent a message for all time that he can bear many tribulations and see his family being martyred in front of his eyes but he cannot bear to witness the organizational system of Islaam being disrupted and the system set by his grandfather, the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him and his family) being changed.

 Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
 the Imaam of Magnificence presented proof by his action and character and made it apparent to the world that this is the state of a Man of Allaah, he would rather sacrifice his life and the lives of those he loves but he would never submit to falsehood.

Through his actions he, proved the loftiness of his character and made apparent his state. After he had refused to swear allegiance to Yazeed, he gathered his followers and said,

‘O my followers, if I remain in Madinah, the authorities of Yazeed will force me to give my hand, in a pledge of allegiance to Yazeed, and this I would never do. Their insistence will lead to fighting and discord and I don’t want to be the cause of mischief and in fighting in Madinah. Therefore it would be better for me to emigrate to Makaah.’ His followers replied that they would abide by any decision that Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
 [Radiyal Laahu ‘Anhu] 
as their leader would be continued.In Shaa Allaah.
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