DAY OF ASHURA-Aashooraa


The root word for Aashooraa is Ashr meaning ten. There are a few reasons why this day is called Aashooraa.
 This is the tenth day of Muharram thus called Aashooraa.

Apart from marking the beginning of Islaamic hijri year, Muharram also has a special place for the muslim believers. It is called the “Month of Allaah” (Shahru-llaah) and is one of the four sacred (haram) months in Islaam. The 10th day of this month is called Ash-Shura and was a celebrated day in the Jew and Christian communities during the time of the Prophet Muhammad. The Prophet itself ordered muslims to fast on that day as well as the day before to honour the day. It is believed that the day is the day when Allah saved Prophet Moses from the Pharaoh.
Ten days are given superiority and this is the tenth day.
On this day, Allaah Amighty blessed ten Prophets with His chosen bounties.

Significant Incidents of the Day of Aashooraa

There are several prominent incidents which took place on the day of Aashooraa which have made their place in the glorious Islaamic history.

 Here we list a few:

   On this day Allaah Kareem, according to the meaning most suited to Him, descended on the Arsh.
It rained for the first time.

.Rahmaah [Mercy] was revealed for first time.

Hazrat Aadam [Alaiehis Salaam’s] repentance was accepted.

 Allaah Taa’ala elevated Hazrat Idrees [Alaiehis Salaam’s] towards the heavens.

.Hazrat Nooh [Alaiehis Salaam’s] ark rested at the mountain of Joodi.

  Hazrat Ibraheem [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was born.

Hazrat Ibraheem [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was made His ‘Khaleel’ by Allaah Kareem.

 Hazrat Ibraheem [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was released safe from the fire of Namrood.

 Hazrat Dawood [Alaiehis Salaam’s] repentance was accepted.

Hazrat Sulaiemaan [Alaiehis Salaam’s] recovered his kingdom.

Hazrat Ayoob [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was relieved of his illness.

Hazrat Moosa [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was born.

.Hazrat Moosa [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was victorious over the magicians.

Hazrat Moosa [Alaiehis Salaam’s] successfully crossed the river and Firaun [Pharaoh] was drowned.

Hazrat Yoonus [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was born.

Hazrat Yoonus [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was freed from the belly of the giant fish.

Hazrat Yaqoob [Alaiehis Salaam’s] regained his eyesight.

Hazrat Yoosuf [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was freed from the well and also from confinement.
Hazrat Ieesaa [Jesus] [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was born.

 Hazrat Ieesa [Jesus] [Alaiehis Salaam’s] was raised to the skies.

 Rasoolal Laah [Sallal Laahu Alaiehi Wassalam] was married to Ummul Mu’mineen Hazrat Khadijaa  tul Kubra 
[Radiyal Laahu Anhu]

 It was also during the month of Muharram that history had recorded the Martyrdom events of Karbalaa regarding Hazrat Imaam Husaien
[Radiyal Laahu Anhu]
Which had breathed new life into the spirit of Islaam regarding the values of Faith Ieemaan.

The Day of Judgement will take place.

Aashooraa
 
During the Days of Ignorance
When Rasoolal Laah
[Sallal Laahu Alaiehi Wassalam]
saw the Jews fasting on the day of Aashooraa, he enquired as to the reason for it and they replied that this was the day when as Prophet [Moses] Moosa [Alaiehis Salaam] was victorious over Firaun, [Pharaoh] who drowned along with his followers. So out of respect and as mark of celebration, we fast on this day.
Worship on the Night Before Aashooraa
Hazrat Alee
[Radiyal Laahu Anhu]
narrates that
 Rasoolal Laah 
Prophet Muhammad
[Sallal Laahu Alaiehi Wasalam]
said, 
‘Whosoever revives the night before Aashooraa with his worship, Allaah will make him live as long as He wishes.’




Muslims the world over, in their remembrance of the Ahle-Baiet and 
Hazrat Imaam Husaien 
[Radi Allaahu anhum ajma'in),
 engage themselves in feeding the poor in their memory as a mark of respect. On this occasion, it is imperative to reflect as to what aspect of the great Imaam's life we Muslims are emulating to improve ourselves spiritually.

It is the love of the Ahle-Baiet and the Sahaba-e-Kiraam 
[Ridwan ul laah ta'ala ajma'in]
that should produce the driving force in emulating closely in our lives the Sunnat of Prophet Muhammad
[Sallal Laahu Alaiehi Wasalam]
This alone in these times would not only provide the guiding light spiritually, but also be a source of great Barakaah and reward in this world and the Hereafter.

It is also of great Sawaab to have gathering Qur’aan Khwaani and Fatehaa in honoring and remembrance of the Ahle Baiet, [The Household of the Prophet]

Compassion Towards an Orphan
The Prophet also said...
‘Whosoever loves an orphan and attends to his needs..   Allaah  Kareem will raise the status of that person in Jannah.

Fasting in Muharram 

There are various ways to worship Allaah Almighty and each one brings us closer to the Mercy of Allaah Ta’aalaa and becomes a means of our sins being forgiven. Fasting on the day of Aashooraa is also one such kind of worship.
The Virtue of observing more Naafil fasts during Muharram.

It is very rewarding to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram.
“Whoever fasts `Ashooraa’ it is as if he has fasted the entire year. And whoever gives charity this day it is like the charity of an entire year.”

Good Deeds on Aashooraa

Just as the reward for good deeds are awarded abundantly on this day, the Aazaab [punishment] for your sins committed on this day will be greater.




The following are some of the desirable acts one should do on the day of Aashoorah

1. To observe fast on this day.
2. To give as much charity as you can afford.
3. To perform Nafl Salat prayers.
4. To recite Quraan
5. To visit and be in the company of pious Shaiekh and learn the history of Karbalaa
6. To place a hand of affection on an orphan’s head.
7. To give generously to one’s relatives who are in need.
8. To put surma in one’s eyes.
9. To take a bath.
10. To cut one’s nails.
11. To visit the sick.
12. To establish friendly ties with one’s who are upset.
13. To recite Dua-e- Ashurah-Aashoorah.
14. To visit the shrines of Auliyaa Allaah and the graves of Muslims.



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